Dubrovnik is the city known as the Pearl of the Adriatic, and it is situated at the south of the Croatia. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations on the Adriatic, a seaport and the center of Dubrovnik-Neretva county.
According to the last people census it has 43.770,00 inhabitants. It was an important Maritime Republic during the Middle Ages and soon became the only eastern city-state to rival Venice.
Dubrovnik has more than 250 sunny days per year. Average annual temperature is 16. 4°C (61.5 °F) , and in the summer is 25.8 °C (78.4 °F). It has hot, moderately dry summers and mild, wet winters. The coldest month of the year is January, and the warmest is August.
Although severely damaged by an earthquake in 1667, Dubrovnik managed to preserve its beautiful Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque churches, monasteries, palaces and fountains. Damaged again in the 1990s by armed conflict, it is now the focus of a major restoration programme coordinated by UNESCO.
The patron saint of the city is Saint Blaise, whose statues are seen around the city. Probably the most popular feature of Dubrovnik is its walls that run almost 2 km around the city. The system of turrets and towers were intended to protect the vulnerable city.
Not only does the remarkable beauty of the town leave tourists breathless, but it also makes it an interesting filming location. The popular HBO series “Game of Thrones” was shoot in Dubrovnik and the island Lokrum that is situated 600 meters from the city.
Festival Dubrovačke ljetne igre or Dubrovnik summer games was founded in 1949. Every year in the period from 10th of July till 25th of August a numerous musical, drama and dance performances are held in the beautiful setting of indoor and outdoor venues. The foundation of the Festival are masterpieces of Marin Držić, Ivan Gundulić, William Shakespeare, Carlo Goldoni and many others. Musical part of the program represents the best local composers, soloists and orchestras together with their foreign guests. Operas, especially those with comic character are also performed at the Festival.
Day of the patron of Dubrovnik, Sveti Vlaho, or Saint Blaise is celebrated on the 3rd of February. The celebration of this day goes back in the past when people rushed to the city to celebrate. So that everyone could participate in the celebration, a Sloboština svetog Vlaha or Freedom of Saint Blaise was introduced. It was a day when every offender, convicts and exile could freely come in the city, two days before and two days after the holiday.
Even two film festivals are held in Dubrovnik, Libertas film festival and International Dubrovnik film festival. Libertas film festival takes place during the summer. Films and documentaries of indepedent productions that are dedicated to promotion of freedom in countries all over the world are shown. In the competitive part of the festival, selected films are trying to win the prize, Dubravka. Dubrovnik International film festival has also the competitive character. Jury of experts awards films in the categories of documentary and short films.
Besides many cultural activities, Dubrovnik is also known as a city of water polo. Several players of water polo from Dubrovnik and swimmers won the Olympic medals.
As the swimming season lasts a long time, Dubrovnik offers all kinds of water sports and spending quality time outdoors in a pleasant walking along the promenade.
The Dubrovnik city walls are one of the best preserved fortification complexes in Europe. Walls encompass five forts and sixteen towers and bastions. Within the complex there is an attractive museum out in the open. There is also the Stradun, the widest and the most beautiful street. Stradun is the favorite promenade and meeting place, the venue of all great manifestations.
Baroque church of St. Blaise is the proud of the city and its inhabitants. Island of Lokrum is famous for its legend. According to the legend, even the King Richard of the Lionheart found his rescue at the island. Lokrum is a nature park with the beautiful lake, Dead sea.
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